A marriage commonly occurs between two adult man and woman. However, it can occur in young people under 18 years old. It is commonly called early marriage or young marriage. There are two main reasons why it can happen. Those are pregnant before the marriage and economic factors .
The pregnancy before the marriage often occurs to the teenagers. The statistic data of BKKBN in Indonesia show that in 2013, there are 20,9% of Indonesian teenagers being pregnant before they get married. Though they are underage, it is not impossible if their parents force them to get married. Health problems, psychological and emotional stress, even less harmonization of the family are the consequences of the pregnancy before marriage to the teenagers.
The economic factor is often utilized as the main reason by parents in poor family to let their children get married. For instance, the parents give one of their daughters to be married by a much older wealthy man. When the dowry or bride price is paid, it is often welcome income for poor family. The young marriage also allows parents to reduce family expenses by ensuring they have one less person to feed, clothe and educate.
In conclusion, the young marriage is caused by many reasons, but the most common are pregnant before the marriage and economic factors. Young marriage should be avoided because it gives more negative effects than the positive.